Automate PNG & JPG Image Optimization

0

Download Source Code

Introduction

If you are a web developer you already know how important to reduce the image size by compressing the image. When you checking the page speed using the tool like “Google PageSpeed Insight” or “Yahoo YSlow”, you can see how much bytes we can save by compressing the image.

Google:Page Speed

Images saved from programs like Fireworks can contain kilobytes of extra comments, and use too many colors, even though a reduction in the color palette may not perceptibly reduce image quality. Improperly optimized images can take up more space than they need to; for users on slow connections, it is especially important to keep image sizes to a minimum.

You should perform both basic and advanced optimization on all images. Basic optimization includes cropping unnecessary space, reducing color depth to the lowest acceptable level, removing image comments, and saving the image to an appropriate format. You can perform basic optimization with any image editing program, such as GIMP.  Advanced optimization involves further (lossless) compression of JPEG and PNG files. You should see a benefit for any image file that can be reduced by 25 bytes or more (less than this will not result in any appreciable performance gain). <Google Inc., 2012. Optimize images  https://developers.google.com/speed/docs/best-practices/payload#CompressImages >

There are some online tools like “Yahoo Smush.it” use lossless compression techniques and reduce file size by removing the unnecessary bytes form the image. But if you want to make it automate, how do you do that? Several standalone tools are available that perform lossless compression on JPEG and PNG files.

For JPG Google recommended using,

  • Jpegtran – available for both windows and Linux and mac
  • Jpegoptim – available only on Linux

For PNG Google recommended using,

Using the code

Here I wrote a windows batch file which recursively search the given folder and optimized the JPEG and PNG files.

  1. Download jpegtran, OptPNG and PNGOUT executable files. (Or download attached zip file all the necessary files already included)
  2. Create a folder “ImageOptimization” in your C:\ Drive. (You can change those name and folder location by editing the batch file content) and put above downloaded utility files there.
  3. Create a batch file “optimize.bat” within the folder and copy following code into it
    @echo none
    REM Optimizing JPEG with jpegtran
    forfiles /p %1 /s /m "*.jpg" /c "cmd /c  echo processing @path && D:\ImageOptimization\jpegtran.exe -optimize -progressive -copy none -outfile @path @path"
    REM Optimizing PNG with pngout
    forfiles /p %1 /s /m "*.png" /c "cmd /c  echo processing @path && D:\ImageOptimization\pngout.exe @path"
    REM Optimizing PNG with optipng
    rem forfiles /p %1 /s /m "*.png" /c "cmd /c  echo processing @path && D:\ImageOptimization\optipng.exe -force -o7 @path"
    pause
    

    Although I included both PNGOUT and OPTPNG in the script you no need to use both.

  4. Finally you can execute the bat file by passing the image folder you wish to optimize
    optimize.bat “D:\image”

How it works

  • forfiles command – Select a file (or set of files) and execute a command on each file (Batch processing) Refer: http://ss64.com/nt/forfiles.html
  • %1 – accept the folder as a parameter. In above example this will equal to “D:\Image”

forfiles command find all the images in the given directory (recursively) and execute the optimizing executable by passing the image as a parameter to them (@path).

Try

  1. You can further improve by adding this batch command as a context menu command
    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/cc144169(v=vs.85).aspx
  2. Or even you can use a scheduler (e.g. Windows scheduler) to find the daily updated file and optimize them by slightly modifying the forfiles command with “/d” option.

Configure Entity Tags (ETags)

2

If you have ever used the YSlow (http://developer.yahoo.com/yslow/) to analyze the web page to improve the performance, you may have experienced with “Configure ETags” alert.

YSlow Analyse

What is Entity Tags (ETags)

Entity tags (ETags) are a mechanism web servers and the browser use to determine whether a component in the browser’s cache matches one on the origin server. Since ETags are typically constructed using attributes that make them unique to a specific server hosting a site, the tags will not match when a browser gets the original component from one server and later tries to validate that component on a different server. (http://developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#etags)

“Configure ETags” is a recommended best practices for speeding up the web site. If you are an ASP.NET developer, you can configure this by adding following code to the web.config file.

<system.webServer>
  <httpProtocol>
    <customHeaders>
      <clear/>
      <add name="ETag" value=" "/>
    </customHeaders>
  </httpProtocol>
</system.webServer>

Exclude crystal report embedding when building the ASP.Net web site

0

If you have worked with ASP.Net web applications which include number of crystal reports as part of that, you might have experienced it takes a long time to build the web site. This happens, because by default crystal reports are set to be embedded as a resource.In default your “web.config” displays as follows.

Web config default configuration for crystal report

To resolve this, you can simply modify the embedRptInResource=”false” as follows.

<businessObjects>
    <crystalReports>
        <rptBuildProvider>
            <add embedRptInResource="false"/>
        </rptBuildProvider>
    </crystalReports>
</businessObjects>